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Annotations Group 1 Block A2

Danny, Simon, Kaylie, Zach

 Frangedis, Helen. “Dealing with the Controversial Elements in “The Cather in the Rye”. http://www.jstor.org/discover/. 3-2-2013. <http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/818945?uid=3739792&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101759714901>.

    Helen Frangedis is a high school teacher that always includes The Catcher in the Rye in her course syllabus for the year. Parents are always concerned about the book because of the profanity, drug and alcohol references, and “loose moral codes”. When presented with these concerns, Frangedis states that there is a deeper meaning in the book and the students have the challenge of finding it. She addresses her audience of parents with good reasons of reading and analyzing the book, while understanding their concerns.

   Frangedis’s article focuses entirely on J. D. Salenger’s writing style. Salenger greatly exaggerates Holden, his issues, and society throughout the book and that leads to all of the profanity and drug/alcohol references. With his writing style, people began to notice, read, and criticize “The Catcher in the Rye,” all because of one reason; Salenger’s exaggerating writing style. Society always pays attention to the bigger, more exaggerated, stunning news. For example, people will pay more attention to the semi-truck that flipped over than the car that hit a pole. The reason is simple. Watching the truck flip over is more stunning and impressive than a car hit something. The same goes for “The Catcher in the Rye”. People will read a book that is full of drugs, cursing, and drinking over the book that is nice, short, and sweet. Knowing who society is and how it works, Salenger wrote a book that not only goes against society, but separates him from all other authors. 

Danny, Simon, Kaylie, Zach

Vizzini, Ned. "Teen Angst? Nah!" New York Times. The New York Times, 17 May 1998. Web. 04 March 2013.

     Ned Vizzini, who at the time this article was published was a student in high school, wrote this document about teenage angst to calm and relax any teenage readers who were going through difficult time in their lives. This article explains to the target audience of teenagers that what they are going through is normal and that every teenager goes through it during their lives and that they shouldn't panic about it. Vizzini then highlights five major problems that teenagers go through, those being sex, money, smoking, drinking, and college, and explains to them how to handle those situations in their lives. This article gives reasonable ways to handle these situations such as avoiding them altogether, make up some excuses, and just to be relaxed and is a realiable source because he knows how to handle these situations considering how he went though them first-hand and is giving advise on what to do.

   The significant connection between this article and The Catcher in the Rye is that Holden went through all of these troubles that have been addressed in this article and would've benefitted knowing how to handle these problems. If Holden had read this article, he would've realized that he wasn't so alone in his troubles and that others have gone through his pain, something that he wouldn't understand until much later with Mr. Antolini. If Holden were to know how to handle this situations in his life such as smoking and drinking, sex, and school problems he would've made much more intelligent decisions and would've ended up with a much happier ending to his story. This article illuminates the text by giving the reader ways that Holden could've handled situations in the book, such as when he was with Sunny or why he smokes so much, and makes them think of why Holden reacted in the way he did when he could've done something else more wise.

Kaylie, Danny, Simon, Zach

Layton, Lyndsey. Four-Decade High. New York Times. New York, New York: 22 January 2013. 06 February 2013.

   Lyndsey Layton wrote this article for the New York Times to inform Americans of the decreasing rates of high school drop outs due to the economic situation in our country. The percentage of highschool drop outs is decreasing as a nation and graduation rates of minorities are increasing. The inner city kids with average to lower income levels have higher droupout rates than teens in suburban cities. The article explains teens are staying in school due to tough econimcal times and they need education for jobs. Statisitics are based off of completion and drop outs of the four year high school. Layton aims her article towards most Americans, the article can appeal to a larger audiance. She appeals to interested Americans who could apply the statistics in her article.

   The Catcher in the Rye relates to Layton's article because Holden fails in all of the school he attends and the article explains the statistics of those students failing and dropping out of highschool. An overall theme of the book is Holden failing in many parts of his life, school being one of them. Layton addresses kids like Holden who are dropping out of highschool due to the inability to keep up with the work. Holden is a teenager who contributes to the precentage of teenagers who are unable to complete highschool on the standard 4-year plan.

Simran Khanal, Claire, Chloe, Jeff

Tannen, Mary. "Jingo Belle." Nytimes.com. New York Times, 10 Oct. 2004. Web. 03 Mar. 2013.

               Mary Tannen looks at the definition and qualifications of the American Beauty. She used modern examples to illustrate how the definitions and qualifications of the American Beauty continuously changes. Tannen’s audience is the readers of the New York Times. She is looks at the new skin care and beauty line that came out in 2004 and analyzing what the American women look for in their makeup. She uses Daisy as the American Beauty of the 1920’s because of her independent thinking and the fact that she fell in love with Gatsby, who was not her husband.

               This article looks into the depth of how society views women or what are considered “good” qualities. They analyze modern examples of women and how they qualify for the part of an American Beauty, from Marilyn Monroe to Ashley Judd.  This illustrates the social arguments that Fitzgerald brings up in The Great Gatsby. For example, Tannen brings up the fact that the American Beauty is independent and always has something that they need to do. This symbolizes Jordan Baker and Daisy in The Great Gatsby because they are independent women and they always have things to of their own to take care of. For example, Jordan is a golfer and she is looking out for her own career, and Daisy is independent and does what she wants like falling in love with Gatsby even though she is married.

Annotations Group 2 Block A2

Paige, Kyle, CJ

Thornburgh, Nathan. "Dropout Nation." Time.com. Time Magazine, n.d. Web. 1 Mar.
     2013. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/
     0,9171,1181646,00.html>.

Nathan Thornburgh is a respected author for Time Magazine which is one of the most, if not the most read magazines in America.  In this article he goes to a small town in Indiana to observe the students, one of which had almost all of his friends become high school dropouts.  In this small school alone only 215 out of the 315 students are expected to graduate and in a national perspective that’s  about  1 out of 3 kids dropping out of public high schools.  Thornburgh then adds in another scary statistic found by researchers, that when the focus is shifted to African-Americans or Latinos the rate jumps to 50%. Thornburgh aims this article towards an audience that is curious and is well informed of the high school dropout plague sweeping the nation.

The way that this connects to the Catcher In The Rye is that Holden, the main character, flunks out of every school that he’s ever been in.  And once he leaves his final school he sets out on a journey to stall so he doesn’t have to go home. On this journey not only do you realize that he failed in school but that he fails in almost every aspect of life there is.  This also connects to the article as Thornburgh says that there is not just one specific type of student flunking out but more like anyone from any level of income can flunk out; and Holden himself is a middle to upper class child which can reinforce this point.  Thornburgh also says that the reason why we can find so many kids dropping out is because everyone has been willingly ignoring it for decades, but now some people are finally paying attention.  This can be seen by the character Spencer who tries to correct Holden at the beginning of the book when he tries to leave but ultimately fails.  Which begs the question even though people are trying to help will we ever stop kids from dropping out and potentially ruining their future?

Paige, Kyle, CJ

Thornburgh, Nathan. "Dropout Nation." Time.com. Time Magazine, n.d. Web. 1 Mar.
     2013. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/
     0,9171,1181646,00.html>.

Nathan Thornburgh is a respected author for Time Magazine which is one of the most, if not the most read magazines in America.  In this article he goes to a small town in Indiana to observe the students, one of which had almost all of his friends become high school dropouts.  In this small school alone only 215 out of the 315 students are expected to graduate and in a national perspective that’s  about  1 out of 3 kids dropping out of public high schools.  Thornburgh then adds in another scary statistic found by researchers, that when the focus is shifted to African-Americans or Latinos the rate jumps to 50%. Thornburgh aims this article towards an audience that is curious and is well informed of the high school dropout plague sweeping the nation.

The way that this connects to the Catcher In The Rye is that Holden, the main character, flunks out of every school that he’s ever been in.  And once he leaves his final school he sets out on a journey to stall so he doesn’t have to go home. On this journey not only do you realize that he failed in school but that he fails in almost every aspect of life there is.  This also connects to the article as Thornburgh says that there is not just one specific type of student flunking out but more like anyone from any level of income can flunk out; and Holden himself is a middle to upper class child which can reinforce this point.  Thornburgh also says that the reason why we can find so many kids dropping out is because everyone has been willingly ignoring it for decades, but now some people are finally paying attention.  This can be seen by the character Spencer who tries to correct Holden at the beginning of the book when he tries to leave but ultimately fails.  Which begs the question even though people are trying to help will we ever stop kids from dropping out and potentially ruining their future?

 

Paige, Kyle,Cj

 

Privitera, Lisa. "Holden’s Irony in Salinger’s THE CATCHER IN THE RYE." Editorial. 2008: n. pag. Print.

 

         Lisa Privitera labels Holden as an antihero or tragic hero. She claims that it is through his relativity of his coming of adulthood presents a model for teens to look up and apply themselves to. On the contrary, it is in his extremities of emotion, reactions, and lying that separate Holden from the everyday teenager.  Her main point of critic is in pointing out the irony of his ways. The reocurring idea of solitude and isolation is contradicted by his constant encounters with others in which he seems to crave for attention. Unfortunately, when he does not receive the particular reaction he wishes, he turns the people down. Thus, he furthers himself in his hatred for people and their phoniness after the beating with his roommate, meetings on the subway, and interactions in the hotel. She does not acknowledge Holden for his “accomplishments,” but for his ability to take the risks for his readers and while they fail, still thrives to be. That is the message, the motivation that says that’s how life is and it goes on, that the readers read for.

         The appeal of the irony of Holden is applied through deductive reasoning. She opens to build up Holden as the antihero of his own story only to break down the flaws in his scheme of being. She tackles each situation he is in that contains contradiction and counters it with the rationality behind it to make her point. Holden claims he wants isolation, he tries to convince himself that that is his desire the entire novel, but in actuallity, it is belonging that he craves. He wants to find his way into the world but the only thing stopping him is the need for acceptance of himself, because ironically, he is the phony he’s trying to avoid.

 

Annotations Group 1 Block A3

Alyssa, Rachel, Gina

 

Schuessler, Jennifer. "Get a Life, Holden Caulfield." The New York Times. The New York Times, 21 June 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2013.

    Jennifer Schuessler discusses the idea that teenagers today have a hard time relating to J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye due to the fact that the times have changed and this book has become worn out. Although the novel is still a critical part in the high school curriculum, many teens don’t like Holden as much as they used to. As The Catcher in the Rye tells the story of Holden Caulfield, a teenager who struggles to find his identity while living in New York City, Schuessler describes the idea that teenagers live in a different world than when the book was published in 1951. Today, teenagers are faced with a competitive side to every aspect of life. Back when Holden was traveling around New York City, he wasn’t too upset about flunking out of the fancy boarding school Pencey, like teens today worry about getting admitted into their dream college. Times have changed, and students today aren’t as interested in the Holden Caulfield phenomenon as they once were, Schuessler writes.

   Schuessler’s article demonstrates how the world has, and will, continue to evolve over time. As Salinger once wrote The Catcher in the Rye to explain to teenagers the importance of finding one’s identity and true happiness, Schuessler states that today it is hard to relate Holden’s experiences to the average teenager. However, despite the idea that times are changing and teenagers today can’t relate, Schuessler does an excellent job of stating that there are many similarities between the 2013 teenager and Holden Caulfield. Today, teenagers have many luxuries that Holden didn’t have in the novel. A true Catcher in the Rye lover can only imagine Holden living in today’s world.

Alyssa, Rachel, Gina

BRATMAN, FRED. "Holden, 50, Still Catches." Books. New York Times, 1998. Web. 5 Mar. 2013.

   This news article written by Fred Bratman tells about his experiences and joys of reading The Catcher in the Rye over and over again. The main character, Holden, was his role model when he first read the book at age 16. He connects significant events of the book to his highschool experiences and tells how they impacted him as a current student; relating himself to Holden's failures and connections with school teachers.  Also, he discusses how reading about Holden's "far more interesting" problems made moments of struggle in his own life bearable. Bratman made an interesting connection to Holden's reality and his. Holden's reality is what he made it to be and Bratman was privilaged to visit it because  they shared a very similar perspective. 

   Bratman ends the article with an expansion of ideas about the book as a whole. He considers where Holden would be in his life now if the book continued or as if he was an actual man living in today's world. He made these assumptions of where Holden might be through events in the book. This demonstrates the importance of analyzing characters with a fictional and realistic approach. Bratman was able to relate to Holden's life, characterization and problems. Because of this connection, he was able to imagine what Holden would be like in todays world based off of how he is in his own life. 

 

Annotations Group 2 Block A3

Sarah, Caitie, Kyra, and Luis

Bratman, Fred. "Holden, 50, Still Catches." New York Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 5
Feb. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/09/13/specials/
salinger-holden.html>.

 

Fred Bratman is a writer for the New York Times and is writing this article to both celebrate the 50th birthday of the character Holden in Catcher in the Rye, but also to compare his own life to Holden's life. Bratman first read Catcher in the Rye when he was 16 which was the same age that Holden was in the story. What really caught Bratman's eye with Catcher in the Rye was that Holden had a similar life as Bratman's. They both were bright kids, but kind of troubled being kicked out of different schools, they both had teachers who they looked up to as role models and they thought alike too. Bratman could deeply relate to Holden's life and in hindsight looked up to Holden as a role model even though he was just a character in a book.

Bratman considers Holden a "friend" of his even though he doesn't actually exist. To him, Holden is a teenager who sees people for what they really are and just laughs at his own problems which is what Bratman does with his life as well. Bratman picks up Catcher in the Rye every year and re-reads it because he enjoys reading about and being able to relate to Holden's life. In fact he has read this book so many times that he was counting the years until it was Holden's 50th birthday which sparked the idea to write this article. Bratman looks up to Holden so to speak as he wishes to be able to be life Holden to not let anyone get in his way and to never give up on what he sets his mind on.

Annotations Group 1 Block A4

Henry, Halea, Haley

Schuessler, Jennifer. "Get a Life, Holden Caulfield." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. The New York Times, 20 June 2009. Web. 3 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/21/weekinreview/21schuessler.html?_r=0>.

   In this article, Jennifer Schuessler discusses Catcher in the Rye and how it is losing its appeal to teenagers. The article treats this as a fact and presents anecdotal quotes to back it up. Schuessler also gives theories as to why the book is no longer as popular as it once was. The article is somewhat biased,  and its audience is probably people who disliked the book. The article was probably written either in reponse to hearing about the book's fading popularity or because Shuessler did not appreciate Catcher.

   This article supports my opinion of the novel; that it was intended for readers of a different era with a different mindset. Holden's primary strength is how readers identify with him, and this is lost on modern students. Class discussions have noted that it is difficult to identify with Holden's incessant self-pity. This is what Salinger's novel projects, and it does not fit with current generations.

 

Annotations Group 2 Block A4

Hayden, Jack, Sam

McGrath, Charles. "J.D. Salinger, Literary Recluse, Dies at 91." Nytimes.com.
     The New York Times, 28 Jan. 2010. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.
     <http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/29/books/
     29salinger.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0>.

    I chose to examine the New York Times obituary for JD Salinger titled "J.D. Salinger, literary recluse, Dies at 91." This article written by Charles McGrath serves the purpose of reflecting on the strange life of Salinger by describing his many literary accomplishments as well as his mysterious personal life. The exigence for this article being published in the the well-respected New York Times was the death of this very famous author that very little is known about. The audience for this article is pretty much the entire American public because it is put on a well known internet site. The obituary begins by explaining Salinger's great success as a young writer due to the popularity of "The Catcher in the Rye". It then goes into detail about why the book appealed to so many people and how revolutionary it was to American literature. However, Salinger was never a fan of all the attention he recieved and after being betrayed by the media he vowed to never to another interview. A few years later he moved to a secluded area is has rarely been heard of since. This man was one of the greatest American writers but also one of the most mysterious. 

   I chose to read this article because I wanted to find out if anything happened in Salinger's that compelled him to write in such an interesting way. And many of the characters in the book were described in such detail, like Holden's dead brother, I was curious if they were based off of real people in Salinger's life. What I did discover is that the character of Holden Caulfield has some erie similarities to the life of Salinger. For example, in the story Holden is the manager of the fencing team at Pencey, and coincidentaly Salinger was the manager of his high school fencing team. He also flunked out of high school, just like Holden did. The most interesting connection i found between Salinger and Holden was that they both desired to move away from the big city and live in an isolated home away from all other people. In the book Holden says he wants to find "a little cabin somewhere with the dough I made and live there for the rest of my life away from any goddam stupid conversation with anybody.” In real life Salinger moved away from Manhatten to an isolated 90 acre compound. I think that although we don't know a whole lot about Salinger, we can learn alot from studying his most famous character, Holden Caulfield.

 

 

Sam, Hayden, Jack

Frank, Jack. "Times Square Nov. 29, 1951." Flickr. Yahoo, n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2013. http://www.flickr.com/photos/photohistorytimeline/7636729592/.

   I decided to annotate a picture instead of text for this assignment.  What helps me when I read is being able to visually see the events going on.  Because “Catcher” was written a fairly long time ago, I wanted to understand and become fully equipped with the setting Holden was experiencing.  For most of the text, Holden is spending his time in New York; more specifically, Times Square.  Jack Frank took this picture in 1951, the same year the book was published.  Frank took this picture during an air raid drill on November 29.  The photo depicts a busy city with many cars and people looking for protection.  Eventually this photo was published in New York Times according to the website I found.  The picture was taken solely for people to look back and reflect upon what happened during these times. 

   Even though Holden never experienced an air raid drill, the picture clearly shows an accurate setting of Times Square.  Holden went to shows such as the Rockettes, movies, ate food, went to school, and lived in New York.  The setting is a very important significance to the text.  New York is known for being a very tough city, and Holden was able to survive for three days on his own.  The theme of independence builds maturity is shown through the different events that happened in New York.  Holden wanted to run away, but finally came the mature decision to stay home.  Each place he went to in New York impacted his life in one way or another, and that couldn’t be shown without the different settings. 

Jack, Hayden, Sam 

" J.D. Salinger." 2012. FamousAuthors.org 5 March,http://www.famousauthors.org/j-d-salinger 

   The article i chose was a biography of the author of The Catcher in the Rye, J.D. Salinger. The purpose of this article is to provide background information on the author and possibly help them understand as to why he wrote this book in such a different and unique style. This text can relate to a wide range of people, but most likely correlates with people who have read The Catcher in the Rye. The author of this biography wrote this Internet article to provide some sort of explanation as to why he wrote his famous novel and what events sprung his though process during his writing of The Catcher in the Rye. 

     After reading this article, My thoughts and views of The Catcher in the Rye transformed. I no longer feel as though Salinger just randomly made up this angry, negative character called Holden Caufield. I believe that Salinger based the main character off of his tragedies in life and his thoughts when he was a young adult. Exigence is very important to the understanding of this novel. Once you figure out why the author wrote the novel and why he wrote it in such a manner, you can connect to the story and truly understand the text. By looking at the exigence of J.D. Salinger, you realize that the events going on in the book relate give you an idea as to how Salinger lived as a young adult and how he felt about the world.

Annotations Group 1 Block B1

Annotations Group 1 Block B1


Khaila. Tanner. Taylor. Alex.

Cite: "Waiting for the Forgetting to Begin." Well. Ed. Nancy Stearns Bercaw. Vers. Voices. New York Times, 31 Jan. 2013. Web. 14 Feb. 2013

Nancy Stearns illustrated the pain and struggle of a family going through Alzheimer’s. Intended for anyone who is struggling with similar difficulties, the article provides insight to the steps of Alzheimer’s disease, how it travels through a family and the effects of the disease. Stearns sheds a light to the beginning of the disease starting as though she was her father and then changes by into second person as herself. The author argues that a family’s involvement in ALL the stages of the Alzheimer victim’s life is crucial to closure and security. The family needs to stick by the patient not abandon and/or blame them.

Stearns’ argument illuminates Holden in Catcher in the Rye main problem, he is haunted by a memory and without closure it is driving him insane. Although this editorial mostly focuses on the issues the Alzheimer’s victim is going through, they sideline effect on the family is present. The remorse filled, closure seeking family indirectly reflects Holden’s mental state. Holden blames everyone and excludes himself from those close to him to ease his pain. Stearns argued to do the exact opposite. Indirect comparison of the two is apparent and valid.



Taylor Khaila Alex Tanner

Salinger, J. D. Nine Stories. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
     

   The author of the book Nine Stories is J.D. Salinger and the story I annotated is Teddy. The context of this story is a family of three staying on their boat for a vacation. Teddy is the son and he has a mom and dad. This family is very rich but they have lots of problems; the mom and dad fight lots, Teddy is crossed eyed and is too small for his age. The purpose of this book might have been to show people that even the picture perfect families that seem to have a great life, still have their
own problems. The audience is for a more mature audience because this isn't for kids, it deals with more mature topics that children might not understand. The wording of this story is very sophisticated and takes a good
amount of concentration to understand the story. This story challenges the stereotype of how rich people live. More money doesn't always bring more happiness.
   This story relates to the Catcher in the Rye because it has a similar family structure. Holden's family is very wealthy
but the family still struggles through life; they lost one of their sons, Allie, and are still coping with his death. Holden is always being kicked out of school because he can never do well in class, he also had some health issue and had to go to a psychiatric facility. The youngest sibling, Phoebe never gets to see her older brothers because Holden goes to boarding school, D.B. lives in California, and Allie is dead, so even though she has many siblings, she lives as an only child. This story also relates to Catcher in the Rye with the theme of coming of age. Teddy is a childish nickname that children are called in their childhood it is also a common children's toy. Teddy is thirteen and is making that transition from child to teenager. Him being called Teddy reflects his childhood and memories. Teddy is also below average size for his age. This shows he's physically still child sized even though his age is teenage. Just like the Catcher in the Rye, the conflict of coming of age haunts both characters.

 


 Taylor Khaila Alex Tanner

Salinger, J. D. "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish." Nine Stories. New York City: Little, Brown and, 1953. 3-9. Print.

 

                “A Perfect Day for Banana fish” is a short story found in J.D. Salinger’s Nine Stories. This story follows dialogue between Muriel and her mother, and also a little girl named Sybil and a man named Freddy. It’s a tale of insanity and anxiety that is captivating from the very beginning. The character’s are constantly engaged in dialogue, telling the story through different peoples perspectives rather than one narrator’s. This storytelling technique is very effective and attention grabbing. The story itself is all about a mentally unstable man. He talks to a little girl on the beach about his experiences in war (in a much more subtle way) then continues to kill himself. Salinger wrote this tale as a way to reveal the toll war takes on the soldiers, and I found it very disturbing.

                Salinger truly examined post tramautic stress from war. He wrote this in order to inform the audience of how people feel after coming back from such a stressful setting. As a direct audience member I believe that he did a great job capturing the raw emotions that Freddy felt after the war. The main themes from this short story connect very well to Catcher in the Rye by Salinger. The theme that is the most similar in these two pieces of literature is the struggle with internal conflicts. Holden, from Catcher in the Rye, wanted to commit suicide, but the only difference is that Freddy went through with it. These two had major internal conflicts. While Freddy gained his conflicts from a traumatic war, Holden gained his from a tricky childhood. The two dealt with their problems in almost opposite ways. Holden ended up talking to psychologists and trying to change, while Freddy killed himself. Regardless of this difference, these two stories were very similar and intriguing.



Alexandra, Tanner, Taylor, Khaila 
Salinger, J. D. "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish." Nine Stories. New York City: Little, Brown and, 1953. 3-9. Print.
 
               The short story A Perfect Day for Banana Fish, written by J.D. Salinger in Salinger's Nine Stories, has a blend of literary devices and figures of speech such as initial situation, conflict, climax, and suspense. The story consists of a young female adult named Muriel, her mother, a child named Sybil, a man named Seymour and various other characters. The story begins with a dual setting, one with Muriel on the phone with her mother and the other half takes place outside with Seymour playing with Sybil. From the start you can analyze the characters and distinguish the personalities the author is trying to convey in each. Muriel is "a girl who for a ringing phone dropped exactly nothing." (1.2), it allows the assumption that Muriel is materialistic and unflattering, almost expressing a caricaturistic element about her. Seymour is depicted as a mentally unstable man who has recently returned from the war. With both the characters you can identify there is internal conflict each of them are experiencing.   
 
             The story quickly escalates from a bland, typical day to sporadic suicide. J.D. Salinger's purpose for writing this short story was to address the idea of an individual who is criticizing a troubled and materialistic society. There is a significant connection to A Perfect Day for Banana Fish and Catcher in the Rye. Both books are surrounded by the central theme of identity development and journey to adulthood. There is an anti-materialistic aspect in both texts, from Holden and his repetition of the word "phony", and how Muriel and Seymour view the world in a darkened light (also leading to Seymour's unpredicted suicide). Salinger is addressing a world where it is so materialistically inclined that it is responsible for the unhappiness and greed of society.  These texts illuminate Salinger's purpose for writing. The intended audience is veered towards a specific group of people who have felt alienated and continually criticized by the hateful, piercing eyes of society. With the endless pressure to live up to a certain expectation society has subliminally set for an individual, Salinger is directly approaching the expectations of society and the futile pursuance for happiness. 


Annotations Group 1 Block B3

Note: This assignment was not covered in our class. Format based on examples. [Phil Hoff]


Caleb, Devi,  Eric, Phil.

 

Salinger, J. D. "A Perfect Day for Bananafish." Nine Stories. New York:

   Bantam, 1964. 3-9. Libguides. Web. 2 Mar. 2013.

   <http://libguides.ops.org/kaweckiliteraturecircles>.

 

   Seymour Glass is a young man who is suffering from psychological trauma because of a war that he recently returned home from. Because of his injury, his state of mind has been reduced to that of a child. Because he’s a man with a child’s brain, he sees himself as an outsider around adults and would rather spend his time with children or on his own. This is because children are the only ones who can really understand him and enter his world and give him the feeling that he longs for. The goal in his suffering mind is to regain a child-like innocence that every small child seems to possess. Seymour Glass is on vacation with his pretty, materialistic, socialite wife. They are staying in a hotel on the beach. Seymour decides to leave his wife to go be on the beach because he sees his wife as everything that he doesn’t want to be a part of. An adult concerned with looks, womanhood, sexuality, sociality, and society. While on the beach, he meets up with his young friend, three year old Sybil Carpenter. He and she play around and look in the ocean for the so-called “banana fish”. He likes being with her because she isn’t worried about the cares of the world, and he feels that she is the only one who understands him and can reach his “level”. After their play time, Sybil runs off to find her mom. Once she is gone, Seymour decides to go up to his room. In his room, he commits suicide.

   The short story “A Perfect Day for Bananafish” and “The Catcher in the Rye” share similar stories. Seymour and Holden both believe that they are outsiders and feel as if they should be on their own. Seymour left his wife for almost the same reason Holden ran off to be homeless. Holden tried to run from the world and his problems so he wouldn’t have to confront them. He didn’t believe that any one could help or understand what he was going through so he turned away from everyone, except his little sister Phoebe. She gave him a good feeling about himself she was the only person he cared about and the only person he felt cared about him. He valued her innocence and didn’t want her to be exposed to the terrible world that he feels has corrupted him. Seymour left his wife and avoids adults because they symbolized the world to him. So, he “runs” from them and turns to children because of their innocence. He also finds one person that he values, and that is Sybil. She is his best friend and she made his last moments of life happy. Sybil and Phoebe are both very young and caused a change in their own protagonist’s life. Though Sybil was able to give comfort and happiness to Seymour, she wasn’t enough to save his life. But Phoebe was just enough to change Holden’s views on life and convince him to return home. So in a way, these stories are very similar with their interpretation of the world and life.


Caleb, Devi, Eric, Phil

 

Privitera, Lisa. "Holden’s Irony in Salinger’s THE CATCHER IN THE

   RYE." Editorial. The Explicator 2008: 203-06. Web. 6 Mar. 2013.

   <http://lgdata.s3-website-us-east1.amazonaws.com/docs/

   3162/664141/Catcher_Literary_Criticism.pdf>.

 

   Privitera opens by stating Catcher in the Rye is “one of the most widely read and discussed works in the American literary canon.” She then states her thesis: that the further Holden Caulfield, the main character of Catcher in the Rye, hereon shortened to CitR, tries to hold his family and friends at, the closer he comes to revelations. Privitera then goes on to declare the specifics of Holden’s personality: that all his efforts to try to connect to others result in failure, his parents failed him, and he failed himself. The only person Holden really has left that hasn’t failed him is Phoebe, his little sister. Privitera follows up by stating, “Holden wants more than anything to make a connection with someone, anyone.” Holden then is said to turn everyone away, at arm’s length.

   Privitera, from this point, begins to connect her evidence to her thesis. She says after talking with Carl Luce, who Holden once was friends with but has an incredibly abrasive personality, Holden starts formulating his idea of running off instead of facing professional help. He feels he can help others from falling into the same dilemma. Through this, Holden’s attempt to distance himself from those he cares about, he comes to one of his deepest revelations. Privitera, after making her point, connects Holden’s irony to the reader. She says “[Holden’s] failure makes him all the more real for these… readers.” By not finding answers, Holden’s emotions are made all the more poignant to the reader.


 

Eric Freeman, Phil, Devi, Caleb                                                                                                                                   P.3B

Annotated bibliography assignment (I have no idea if I did this correctly)

Privitera, Lisa. "Holden’s Irony in Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye." Amazonaws. N.p., 2008. Web. 18 Feb. 2013.

 

                The above article summarizes many of the central conflicts, both internal and external, that occur within the novel. The author places heavy emphasis upon Holden’s character development, or more his lack of development; in addition to Holden’s strange behavior in the increasingly dizzying torrent of confusion that engulfs Holden near the end of the novel. The author is likely a high school student as it was revealed in the works cited that the paper was written at Paradise Valley High School in Phoenix, Arizona. Because this was written by a high school student we can assume that this paper was written at least partially on the request of a teacher, and consequently the purpose would have been not so much to inform about basic details of the book but expand upon more specific themes in order to prove comprehension. The purpose is very much tailored for an academic audience with at least basic knowledge of the topic; it expands upon points that would be very difficult for someone who hasn’t read the book to comprehend. The exigence of this article is also similarly related it was almost certainly created due to the demands of a specific teacher; the student may have taken it farther later but the original exigence was likely because it was to help the student’s grade.

               

It might be harder to find something that isn’t a connection to the novel, considering this article is well, about the novel. Regardless this text helped me understand the more chaotic concluding chapters in which Holden’s behavior really began to defy rational explanation.  This also drew my attention to just how frequently Holden was a very contradicting even ironic character. Holden is ironic because he is constantly at war with the seemingly endless pool of phonies that perpetrate every aspect of his existence; when he himself is perhaps the most fake person in the entire story. Holden is sometimes aware of his phony behavior such as when he regales Ernest mother with various imaginative stories that Holden invents that place her extremely “phony” son upon a gilded pedestal and causes her to feel sorry for Holden because he lies that he needed an operation.  Holden’s qualifications for achieving phony status ensure that nearly everyone, including himself and his dearest example of innocent Phoebe, are phonies. Essential being phony is merely a part of the human condition; Holden dislikes any traditional values or practices and consequently labels them all as phony, however he himself cannot escape certain necessary evils of humanity.  In this sense Holden is just as phony as anyone else despite his constant battle to maintain innocence and elevate from the norm.

Annotations Group 2 Block B3

Barbara, Nick, Tyler and Brandon

BRATMAN, FRED. "Holden, 50, Still Catches." Books. New York Times, 1979. Web. 5 Mar. 2013

            Fred Bratman is a writer for the New York times and the author of ‘Holden,50, Still Catches’. Bratman wrote this article to celebrate, what would be, Holden’s 50th birthday and to also look at his life and compare it to Holden’s life. Bratman wrote this article towards people that have read The Catcher in the Rye to remind them of how they felt when they first read it and towards people that haven’t read it to encourage them to read it. Because The Catcher in the Rye made such a big impact on Bratman’s life that he still reads it every year to remind himself of what he once felt and what his own life was once like.

            In the article Bratman describes how much he relates to Holden. When Bratman read The Catcher in the Rye for the first time he was 16 years old just like Holden is in the book. Bratman and Holden were both troubled kids failing many classes and feeling alone. When Bratman first read the book he related to Holden and he didn’t feel so alone in “feeling restless” (Bratman). He ends the article with wondering where Holden is now but when he thinks of Holden growing up it doesn’t live up to his character. Bratman will forever see Holden as a teenager who sees people for who they really are; just like himself.


 

Brandon, Barbara, Nick, Tyler

-. "Holden’s Irony in Salinger’s THE CATCHER IN THE RYE." An Overview of The
     Catcher in the Rye (2008): 1-5. Print.

      This article analyses The Catcher
     in the Rye
, both rhetorically and litera
rily. They touch on themes of
     the book such as the symbolic properties of the word phony. They talk about
     holdens inner feelings and his thoughts throughout the novel. The author
     discusses the significance of certain characters and the things they
     represent. Privitera covers the main theme of the book, the coming of age.
     Holden's isolation, wants, symbols, and ideas can be found. The author
     crafted a magnificent rhetorical annotation.  
      
         The author is a high school student so the exigence is likey, she was
     assigned to write an essay. The audience is her teacher but it can be well
     understood from the perspective of her classmates. The purpose was to
     inform. She did a great job of accomplishing her purpose. She created logos
     through challenging diction. She varies her sentence length to put forth an
     element of good syntax. The essay is very professional and the the stong
     sense of voice establishes ethos. However, due to the professional nature
     of the essay there is almost no pathos.

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

Annotated Bibliography

 

Definitions

A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, websites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called "references" or "works cited" depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).

An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation.

Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following:

·         Summarize: Summarize the text using its rhetorical situation. Who is the author, what is its purpose? Who is the audience? What is the context/exigence? What are the main arguments? What is the point of this story or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this text is about, what would you say? This should be a paragraph in length.

·         Evaluate: After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. How does it illuminate to the novel you read? Identify and explain the significance of at least one connection. Connections can be rhetorical, poetic, thematic, historical, stylistic, political, and/or relate to your experiences. This should be one paragraph in length.

Instructions

Write the first name of each group member. Place your name in bold.

Be sure to spell check.  There is a spell checker in this program or you can type in word first.

 

Greg, Marsha, Jan, Cindy

 

Cabera, Nolan L., and Amado M. Padilla. “Entering and Succeeding in the Culture of College: The Story of Two Mexican Heritage

         Students.” Hispanic Journal of BehavioralSciences 26.2 (May 2004): 152-169. Academic Search   Elite (Ebsco). Web.    

         7  February 2009.

         Cabera and Padilla discuss the academic resilience of two Stanford Latino students using

in-depth interviews. Intended for an academic audience from both higher education and social work, the article provides insight into the common struggles faced by many first-time college students who rely on emotional support of families and academic support from faculty and staff at institutions of higher education. Cabera and Padilla evaluate various services available to students at crucial points in a college career and the strategies that assist in the efforts for academic success. The authors argue that without intervention many first-time college students, regardless of race or gender, would fail to be successful. Furthermore, those students must adopt an expanded sense of self in order to see themselves as successful in a college setting.

            Cabera and Padilla’s study illuminates Sherman Alexie’s central argument, that students who are economically disadvantaged and from a culture other than the dominant culture must redefine themselves in order to succeed, in Diary. Although the students highlighted in the study receive support from friends and family within their identified cultural context, they are forced to redefine themselves as members of the dominant culture associated with their institution. Junior, while maintaining his identity on the reservation, adopts an expanded version of self when he enters Reardon. Thus, the crux of the story focuses on Junior’s ability to reconcile his two selves.

MLA Citations

Omaha Public Schools does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, marital status, sexual orientation, disability, age, genetic information, citizenship status, or economic status in its programs, activities and employment and provides equal access to the Boy Scouts and other designated youth groups. The following individual has been designated to address inquiries regarding the non-discrimination policies: Superintendent of Schools, 3215 Cuming Street, Omaha, NE 68131 (402-557-2001).

Las Escuelas Públicas de Omaha no discriminan basados en la raza, color, origen nacional, religión, sexo, estado civil, orientación sexual, discapacidad , edad, información genética, estado de ciudadanía, o estado económico, en sus programas, actividades y empleo, y provee acceso equitativo a los “Boy Scouts” y a otros grupos juveniles designados. La siguiente persona ha sido designada para atender estas inquietudes referentes a las pólizas de no discriminación: El Superintendente de las Escuelas, 3215 Cuming Street, Omaha, NE 68131 (402-557-2001).